Objectives

The geodynamic evolutions and plate interactions in Turkey are quite complicated, and capable of producing moderate to large-size earthquakes. The Marmara and Aegean Sea, and the latter's surrounding coastal areas of western Turkey and Greece, is one of the most seismically active and rapidly deforming regions on the continents. Thus, Turkey offers a unique opportunity to improve our understanding of strike-slip faulting, crustal extension, seismicity, and the complexities of continental collision, accretion and volcanism among other special topics in Earth sciences. Turkey has several long and active seismic zones and systems. The main tectonic features are as follows.

The North Anatolian Fault zone is widely well-known strike-slip fault not only for creating large events but also migration of large earthquakes since 1939 to the westward, the Eastern Anatolian Fault Zone and Aegean spreading system that create large and destructive earthquakes and they surely will create other large earthquakes in future. Turkey has, alas, experienced two destructive earthquakes on August 17 and November 12, 1999 in Gölcük-Kocaeli (Mw=7.4) and Düzce (Mw=7.1), which are the most devastating earthquakes that the nation has experienced in recent years. These two natural events killed more than 18000 people and created almost 15 billion dollars damage to Turkish economy. The only condolences of this tragedy to the scientists is that it has increased our understanding of the earthquake phenomena, and has accelarated public awareness to future earthquakes. The lessons to be learned from these destructive events have not yet been taken so seriously in terms of education, research and public awareness. In other words, we are yet to be educated and trained more so as to be prepared for the forthcoming likely natural disasters to be faced. However, it should be admitted that there have been some positive responses in the community.  

Kocaeli University (KOU) and Earth and Space Sciences Research Center (YUBAM) have recently adopted a new strategy to warn and educate people, local authorities, city planners about large earthquakes, their source, nature, effects and as well as the importance of disaster mitigation and management. To this end, we organized two national earthquake symposiums in 2003, 2005, and one international earthquake symposium in 2007 to compete favourably with the leading universities of the world.

In this symposia, there will be a broader presentations to investigate the multidisciplinary research needed to approach the earthquake phenomenon with many scientists specialized in different fields of seismology, geophysics, geology, geodesy, civil and earthquake engineering, industrial engineering, mechanical and electronic engineering, environmental engineering, architectural sciences, medical doctors, economists, journalists, search and rescue teams and their members, governors, mayors, firemen, NGOs and ordinary people.  

Thus, our main aim is to bring scientists, actively working on subjects related to earthquakes, together to understand better the earthquake phenomena, earthquake risk, disaster management, reducing social and economical impacts of disaster, saving human lives and new methods in medicine and psychology.